Hire Writer However, regardless of the human factors, the physical ones are out of our control and can mean the difference between a serious storm and a devastating storm. The earthquake storm theory which suggests that stress is transferred along a fault with each earthquake has predicted an earthquake to hit Izmit, Turkey, an extremely densely populated urban area.
It is very important to impose management strategies and to continually monitor and prepare for volcanic eruptions to avoid any deaths or damage to land in the future.
Preparedness and planning in the case of volcanoes can involve prediction as quite often through monitoring seismicity, Bernard Chouet ground inflation, and fumarolic behaviour a volcanic eruption, to a certain extent, can be predicted.
These rivers surrounding the town meant the lahar quickly surrounded and engulfed the town as they fueled the lahar as well. In Armero two rivers coming down from the volcano surrounded the worst affected town the town.
Sulphur compounds, chlorine and fluorine react with water to form poisonous acids damaging to the eyes, skin and respiratory systems of animals even in small concentrations. The effects and success of planning and preparation in Japan can be seen in the case of the Kobe quake 7. Also I will be analysing how different methods of forecasting and organising for volcanic eruptions can change outcomes.
This is because they have been active in recent years and people who live nearby would benefit from early-warning signs of an eruption. Reliable predictions can decrease the extent of hazards posed by volcanoes however these predictions are only possible for volcanoes that are well studied and sufficiently instrumented.
On rare occasions, powerful explosions spread ejecta across the landscape. Hire Writer More Economically Developed Countries have the option of monitoring volcanic areas and therefore To what extent can preparedness mitigate potential hazards due to the fact they are able to afford suitable, high quality technological equipment.
Modern technology can greatly reduce the impact of tropical revolving storms. The development of methods to predict volcanic eruptions is extremely important to To what extent can preparedness mitigate for early evacuation of densely populated regions. But managed properly you can reduce the effect of many different hazards effectively though under the right condition but that is not always possible.
Despite warnings administered by agencies such as the UK environmental flood agency, warnings can not always be administered early enough, still resulting in widespread devastation and short and long term effects.
The techniques available for predicting and monitoring volcanic activity are becoming increasingly accurate. It is very difficult to manage the impacts of volcanic eruptions directly due to the sheer force and unpredictability of volcanoes.
Despite only 57 deaths in California inthe Northridge quake was the most economically devastating and the Pakistan floods of summer destroyed However, as well as prediction, people need to be prepared for an eruption. Additionally, in the Port au Prince region of Haiti, the poorest country in the Western hemisphere, with 3 million in the city living in poverty, little had been done to build an earthquake resistant society, and so the effects caused by the 7.
In order to give a more vivid and detailed idea of the effects I will be including examples such as Montserrat Soufriere Hills and Eyjafallajokull Iceland and this will show how the extent of an impact varies depending on the location of the volcano, whether impacts were global or localised, the frequency of eruptions, the type of hazard and the infrastructure of the area.
There are also extraneous variables which can play an impact, significant or not. I will also take into consideration how other factors can influence the effectiveness of preparations and plans, such as the size of the volcano, its location, the demographic of the area, and the development of the country.
Using these I will evaluate the preparedness of the communities affected by the eruption and the effects of the hazards to ultimately come to a conclusion. As well as if they affect you locally, globally, temporal e. I will show how the extent can vary in respect to the type of hazards.
However, success is dependent on a number of factors including vulnerability, exposure, the size and scale of the hazard, and the amount of money available.
During this essay I will try and describe and explain the ways of preparing for the eruptions and how much they can reduce the effects of them.
There are other factors predicting and preparing wont help for. A forecast is a general announcement that a volcano will probably erupt in the near future whereas a prediction is a relatively precise statement that describes the part of a volcano that is likely to erupt, the time of the eruption, and the presumable type of eruption.
In regards to Hurricane Katrina we should acknowledge that the impact of the storm was great because of its size and intensity, however this impact was compounded by human failings, such as below standard weather warnings and prediction systems.
Mass movements, the downhill transfer of slope material as a coherent body, are often caused by the interaction of both human and physical factors. Disaster planning in Tokyo identifies parts of the city where buildings need upgrading as well as educating local people and ensuring they have emergency kits with essentials in them order to survive in the immediate aftermath of a quake before specialised help can reach them.
Other parts of planning for a volcanic eruption include creating an exclusion zone around the volcano, having an emergency supply of basic provisions and providing or receiving necessary funds needed to deal with the emergency and a good communication system needs to be in place. The time available for early warning of gas release is extremely short, and intensified investigation on such gas eruption, as well as keen observation of the respective locations, are absolutely necessary.
From this I will make a decision as to what extent preparedness and planning can reduce the impacts of a volcanic hazard. Also, i will subdivide them into spatial and temporal.
I will do this by explaining how preparation and planning are done and the effect they have, and then go on to evaluate their effectiveness in dampening a hazards effects.
Closely related to poverty, areas such as Haiti and Sichuan in China were unable to mitigate for and prepare for the earthquakes which struck. I will also look at case studies from different volcanoes such as the Icelandic volcanoes and Mount Serrait to the degree of which the hazards have affected the people and how preparation and planning helped to prevent some of the hazards from occurring.
However, these responses are often less effective in LEDCs and the impact of tropical revolving storms in terms of loss of life is much greater. Monitoring and finding out about the past eruptions are two of the best ways to plan for eruptions among many.In this essay i will be evaluating to what extent prepardness and planning can mitigate the effects of volcanic hazards such as ash clouds, pyroclastic flow, lava flows, lahars and tephra.
I will be exploring the economic and social impacts in sutuiatuions such as Eyjafjallajökull and nevado del ruiz. To what extent can preparedness and planning mitigate the effects of Volcanic Hazards (40 marks) More than Million people live within 50 miles of a volcano, the potential therefore exists for major loss of life and damage to property and infrastructure, particularly when urban areas are situated in close proximity.
To What Extent Can Preparedness and Planning Mitigate the Effects of Tropical Revolving Storms? To what extent can preparedness and planning mitigate the effects of tropical revolving storms? A tropical revolving storm is an intense low pressure weather system, that can last for days to weeks within the Tropical regions of the world.
To what extent can preparedness and planning mitigate the effects of a volcanic hazard (40 marks) Volcanic activity happens across the surface of the globe therefore bringing hazards to every affected area.
A hazard is any source of potential damage, harm or adverse health effects. To what extent can preparedness and planning mitigate the effects of volcanic hazards?
40 marks Volcanic activity happens across the surface of the globe. To what extent can preparedness and planning mitigate the effects of a volcanic hazard (40 marks) Volcanic activity happens across the surface of the globe therefore bringing hazards to every affected area.Download