The American Revolution where the Founders believed our rights come from God, should never be confused with the French Revolution where rights come from the state. In the prehistoric period, throughout Greece, aristocratic families have provided the main fighting force, as cavalry.
The ability of the tyrant to gain power was either through their military or political achievements and the backing of the lower classes. Several of the Greek oligarchies, including that of Athens in the 6th century, reflect the power of this middle class of citizens.
Universal male suffrage was established in France in March in the wake of the French Revolution of It was during the Archaic Period of Greece that the well-known city state, or polis, developed based on geographical standards and evolving from the government of the late Dark Age with the continuation of the council.
Freedom to petition the monarch. From then on the selection of the archon became more scrutinized, and the power of the Council of the Areopagus decreased. Each has a voice in the highest forum of the nation, the ecclesia or assembly, which meets four times a month on the Pnyx, a flat-topped hill in Athens.
The dominant position of Pericles in mid-5th century Athens is reflected in his election, year after year, as the leading strategos. Pay was raised from 2 to 3 obols by Cleon early in the Peloponnesian war and there it stayed; the original amount is not known.
They decided that those who had misled the demos should be charged and put on trial, including [the] author of the motion by which the generals were tried and condemned en masse in the Assembly. Simply put, freedom is the absence of government coercion. It was this registration which confirmed his citizenship.
Anyone featuring on more than a given number of shards variously interpreted as or a majority from voters is removed from public life. Archon and Areopagus Just before the reforms of Solon in the 7th century BC, Athens was governed by a few archons three rising to nine and the council of the Areopagus " appointed by the powerful noble families from their own members ".
While his opponents were away attempting to assist the Spartans, Ephialtes persuaded the Assembly to reduce the powers of the Areopagus: The chairman for the day presided over any meeting of the Boule held that day, and if there was a meeting of the Assembly that day After examining the facts and discussing what needed to be done, the people would make the laws, decide every act of government policy and judge every dispute that arose in the community.
Happier people Democracies allow for information to be more readily available to the public. They met daily, with the exception of festival days. His relations with Athens were already strained when he returned to Babylon in BC; after his death, Athens and Sparta led several Greek states to war with Macedon and lost.
The Magna Carta In medieval England, inKing John had total control and his subjects had no freedom or say whatsoever. Ancient Greece Athens was the first city state to allow ordinary citizens access to government offices and courts. This writer also called pseudo-Xenophon produced several comments critical of democracy, such as: However, "There seems little doubt that it was the arkhons, with the advice of the Areopagos, who really ran the state.
Democracy tends to blur the distinction between nature and political culture, thereby blinding elites to their own best interests and luring them into immorality.
Development of representative democracies Putting the idea of democracy into practice is not easy. It is true that we are called a democracy, for the administration is in the hands of the many and not of the few.Athens in the 5th to 4th century BCE had an extraordinary system of government: democracy.
Under this system, all male citizens had equal political rights, freedom of speech, and the opportunity to participate directly in the political arena. Athenian democracy has had many critics, both ancient and modern.
Ancient Greek critics of the democracy include Thucydides the general and historian, Aristophanes the playwright, Plato the pupil of Socrates, Aristotle the pupil of Plato, and a writer known as the Old Oligarch.
The term democracy comes from the Greek language and means "rule by the people."(Democracy Building ) The democracy in Athens represents the events leading up to modern day democracies. Like our modern democracy, the Athenian democracy was created as a reaction to a concentration and abuse of power by the.
A brief history of democracy and its benefits, Introduction to democracy, Potentials of democracy, SOSE, Year 9, NSW Introduction Democracy means people-power or rule by the people.
The idea came from the ancient Greeks who combined the words demos (people) and krates (rule) to create the term. Athenian democracy took the form of a direct democracy, and it had two distinguishing features: the random selection of ordinary citizens to fill the few existing government administrative and judicial offices, and a legislative assembly consisting of all Athenian.
The democracy of Athens did not occur overnight but developed through many types of government. The democracy that we know today traveled from a monarchy through an oligarchy through tyranny and eventually made its way to the classical form of Athenian democracy.Download