Greater educational access included making once male-only subjects of classical education, such as mathematics and philosophy, integral to curricula at public and private schools for girls. They worked for suffrage, property rights, legal status and child custody in family disputes. They believed this was the appropriate path for women, as opposed to the more public roles promoted by Mary Wollstonecraft and her contemporaries.
The origins of republican motherhood[ edit ] The first presence of republican motherhood was seen in Classical Rome during the years BC to CE. Intellect and Ideology in Revolutionary America. Women and the Enlightenment - An American Perspective", she compared republican motherhood to the Spartan model of childhood,  where children are raised to value patriotism and the sacrificing of their own needs for the greater good of the country.
Religion[ Personal essays motherhood ] Many Christian ministers, such as the Reverend Thomas Bernardactively promoted the ideals Personal essays motherhood republican motherhood.
The early seeds of the concept are found in the works of John Lockethe notable seventeenth-century philosopher, particularly his Two Treatises of Government. The movement likely owes a debt to the emphasis on republican motherhood of fifty years before.
In the eyes of Classical Romans, the familia, or family, was the core of their civilization, and this yielded relatively healthy marriages between Roman men and women. In his First Treatise, he included women in social theory, and in his Second Treatise defined their roles more clearly.
By Personal essays motherhood s, these New England writers became respected models and were advocates for improving education for females.
Women, as intimate and concerned observers of young children, were best suited to this role. As Kerber quotes in her essay, Locke wrote: In addition, women were permitted to receive more of an education than they previously had been allowed.
The ideal produced women with initiative and independence; as Kerber says, it was "one side of an inherently paradoxical ideology of republican motherhood that legitimized political sophistication and activity. This was a rare privilege in Classical civilizations, as women were barred from obtaining education in most cultures around the globe at this time.
Long-term influence[ edit ] Although the notion of republican motherhood initially encouraged women in their private roles, it eventually resulted in increased educational opportunities for American women, as typified by Mary Lyon and the founding in of "Mount Holyoke Female Seminary", later Mount Holyoke College.
Global Perspectives, she details the "model marriage" through the eyes of Classical Romans as "one in which husbands and wives were loyal to one another and shared interests, activities, and property. It was first used in to describe the American ideal by the historian Linda K.
By doing so, the mothers would encourage their sons to pursue liberty and roles in the government, while their daughters would perpetuate the domestic sphere with the next generation. Especially influential were the writings of Lydia Maria ChildCatharine Maria Sedgwickand Lydia Sigourneywho developed the role of republican motherhood as a principle that united state and family by equating a successful republic with virtuous families.
Kerberin her article "The Republican Mother: By the late 19th century, such schools were extending and reinforcing the tradition of women as educators and supervisors of American moral and ethical values.Buy argumentative plagiarism free essays online from trusted custom writing service.
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"Republican Motherhood" is an 18th-century term for an attitude toward women's roles present in the emerging United States before, during, and after the American Revolution.Download