Precipitating factors- collective belief strengthened search for alternatives gathers pace Stage 5. Deindividuation causes people unquestioningly to follow group norms instead of personal norms and sometimes these group norms lead to aggression.
Our sporting team wins more than them, therefore, we are better Intergroup differentiation - emphasising differences between ingroups and outgroups Stereotypical thinking Ingroup and outgroup members are perceived according to relevant stereotypes Conformity to group norms Behaves in accordance to standards of behaviour defined by the ingroup Key Study: Biological explanations are reductionist as it ignores: This is used to describe how a child learns the consequences of aggressive behaviour by observing others being reinforced or punished; through which a child learns what is considered appropriate and effective conduct and whether or not behaviours are worth repeating.
Brown eyes meant you were lazy, untruthful, and stupid. Boys tended to favour ingroup members over outgroup members ingroup favouritism Boys maximised differences between groups category accentuation effecteven if it was potentially disadvantageous to their own group Conclusion: This can be seen in a study by Cialdini et al.
Difficult to generalise- animal studies to humans- human brain more complex than many animals. Methodological issues include the fact that Bobo dolls are not living people and does not retaliate when hit, and therefore lacks ecological validity.
The researchers were able to show that people tend to associate with positive others most closely when their own public image is threatened.
Outline and evaluate research relating to group display of aggression in humans. Deindividuation itself is therefore a psychological state characterised by lowered self-evaluation or concerns about evaluation by others which leads to behaviour which would normally be inhibited by norms.
We are different from them because we like books and they do not Social identification We adopt the identity of the group we have "categorized" ourselves as belonging to, which means we may adopt some of the values and behaviours of that group.
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The idea of being in a group is enough to induce own group bias minimal group paradigm Evaluation: Irrespective of description- deindivuated participants gave twice as many shocks of individuated ones. To demonstrate the minimal group paradigm in creating in group bias Method: Research also focuses on the faceless crowd since it has been found that the bigger the mob, the more savage the killing and also that when a crowd watching a potential suicide jump is deindividuated baiting is more likely to occur.
Mela 1 month long Hindu festival: Bandura stated that aggressive behaviour is learned either through direct experience of vicarious experience.Outline and evaluate 2 psychological and 2 physiological treatments for stress.
Meichenbaum s Stress Inoculation Training SIT and is a psychological method. Evaluate social identity theory, making reference to relevant studies. Introduction. Outline the purpose of your essay ; This essay will attempt to make an appraisal by weighing up the strengths and limitations of the social identity theory, with studies supported.
Outline and evaluate two social-psychological theories of aggression (24 marks). Bandura believed that the potential for aggression may be biological, but.
Outline and evaluate two social psychological explanations There are two social psychological approaches to aggression. These are social learning theory (SLT) and deindividuation theory (DT). Both these theories stress that aggression is a learnt process, they believe that aggression is due to our nurture and not in our nature.
Theories Of Depression. Print To meet the criteria for having depression the sufferer will of have to have felt low in mood for two weeks or more and display at least five of the symptoms that are laid out by the DMS-IV.
His research is probably not entirely reliable as the participators of the questionnaire are affected by social. Outline and Evaluate Two Social Psycholoical Theories of Aggression Essay Sample The first psychological theory of aggression is the social learning theory.
This uses the principles of Bandura’s Bobo Dolls experiment which involved children observing aggressive and non-aggressive adults and then acting themselves.Download