Poverty, isolation, and dishonor are normally impediments to the exercise of virtue and therefore to happiness, although there may be special circumstances in which they are not. Friendship based on utility is for the commercially minded.
Pleasure occurs when something within us, having been brought into good condition, is activated in relation to an external object that is also in good condition.
In Books II through V, he describes the virtues of the part of the soul that is rational in that it can be attentive to reason, even though it is not capable of deliberating.
Pleasure friends wish each other pleasure.
Not everyone may be up to the challenge. Thus when the motive of the friendship is done away, the friendship is dissolved, inasmuch as it existed only for the ends in question. Since he says that his goal is to preserve as many of the appearances as possible b2—7it may come as a surprise that when he analyzes the conflict between reason and feeling, he arrives at the conclusion that in a way Socrates was right after all b13— We think of self-love as a bad thing because we normally think of it in terms of utility or pleasure.
People who seek only utility or pleasure for themselves are not treating themselves well, just as people who use friends for utility or pleasure are not treating those friends well.
We must also, Aristotle says, see our friends as our equals. One of the things, at least, towards which Aristotle is gesturing, as he begins Book VI, is practical wisdom.
One Aristotle scholar says that eudaimonia is like a desert flower; it blooms only briefly but is very beautiful when it does.
The kind of caring, concern, and understanding exhibited in friendship affirm our worth and enhance self-esteem. Monarchy passes over into tyranny; for tyranny is the evil form of one-man rule and the bad king becomes a tyrant. This is clear enough in some cases of friendship.
We cannot be friends with people whom we view as significantly superior or inferior to us. One could say that he deliberates, if deliberation were something that post-dated rather than preceded action; but the thought process he goes through after he acts comes too late to save him from error.
Aristotle further distinguishes three kinds of friendship: In making this assumption, Aristotle reveals that he thinks that the claims of other members of the community to proper treatment are intrinsically valid. To be sure, there may be occasions when a good person approaches an ethical problem by beginning with the premise that happiness consists in virtuous activity.
It is not a process, because processes go through developmental stages: Yet such an upbringing can take us only so far. The person who seeks true personal goodness will aim at a virtuous life that consists not only of health and prosperity, but also of magnanimity and amiability.
Democracy is found chiefly in masterless dwellings for here every one is on an equalityand in those in which the ruler is weak and every one has licence to do as he pleases. But Aristotle is not looking for a defense of this sort, because he conceives of friendship as lying primarily in activity rather than receptivity.
We cannot be friends with people whom we view as lacking in virtue. This is true of particular friendships, but also true of friendship as a general pattern of interaction. One important component of this argument is expressed in terms of distinctions he makes in his psychological and biological works.
Thus, as she summarizes a passage in Aristotle b11—Aristotle addresses the topic of friendship in Book 8 and 9 of his Nicomachean Ethics. Aristotle makes the argument that friends can be regarded as second selves. Aristotle says that just as virtuous behavior improves an individual, friends have the potential to generate improvements upon each other.
A summary of Book VIII in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Nicomachean Ethics and what it means. Friendship is clearly necessary and splendid, but people disagree on its precise nature.
6 Books That Were So Much Better Than the Movie It's Ridiculous. Friendship Essay on Aristotle's Books Words Sep 12th, 3 Pages. Show More.
The Nichomachean Ethics (Books 8 and 9) Friendship is a big word, but what exactly is the definition of it? What kinds of people consist of your friends? How do we establish this kind of relationship with someone? As a human being, I find myself. Friendship Essay on Aristotle's Books Nichomachean Ethics (Books 8 and 9) Friendship is a big word, but what exactly is the definition of it?
What kinds of people consist of your friends? A summary of Book IX in Aristotle's Nicomachean Ethics. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of Nicomachean Ethics and what it means.
Suggested Essay Topics; How to Cite This SparkNote If a good person is self-sufficient, it follows that he or she has no need of friends. However, friendship is one of the.
Nicomachean Ethics by Aristotle, part of the Internet Classics Archive 9 Friendship and justice seem, as we have said at the outset of our discussion, to be concerned with the same objects and exhibited between the same persons.
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